Oleksandr Palii, A History of Ukraine, 03.01.2018
For several millennia, Indo-Iranian tribes settled in the steppe zone of Ukraine and proto-Slavic tribes in the forest zone, interacting with the former in the forest-steppe zone.
The Ukrainian people emerged primarily as a result of this union. Since the Slavs, the Scythians and the Sarmatians were present almost across all of the territory of Ukraine, the Ukrainian people were more homogeneous than many large nations.
It should be mentioned that neither the Slavs until around 500 AD, nor the Scythians, nor the Sarmatians were Ukrainians — they were only the direct ancestors of Ukrainians.
A Scythian man in sharovary (wide trousers), gold plate, southern Ukraine, 4th century BC.
Following Mykhailo Hrushevsky, the majority of Ukrainian historians date the actual origin of the Ukrainian people with its main features to the time of the Antean tribal union in the 4th until the 7th century AD.
At the time, the Scythians and the Sarmatians began to dissolve among the Slavs, adopting the Slavic language and sharing their culture, linguistic traits and ways of everyday living.
Traditional headdresses of Ukrainian women
Other foreign influences on Ukrainians (Turkic, Tatar, Polish, Muscovite, etc.) were short-lived and took place at a time when the Ukrainian ethnos had already been formed.
Modern Ukrainian women in traditional national embroidered dresses